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How to prevent or solve little troubles during your holidays
Dehydration - Heat exhaustion and heat stroke – The “Montezuma’s revenge”

You wait one year, you save your money, you organize everything perfectly: the destination, the hotel and all the excursions.

You know everything about your next
holiday and while flying to your week of relaxation and fun you smile. But are you sure that you know everything?

Are you sure that you are ready to face everything that could happen? Do not let a trifle ruin your holiday! There are some details, some things that can happen and ruin everything, but if we know how to prevent or solve the problems we can go on enjoying the holiday happily!

In our issues we want to help tourists - and whoever should need - to face little (or bigger) troubles that can occur, hoping this could save a stay in Egypt!

When thinking about Egypt most people think about Pyramids under the sun, or blue and green sea under the sun, or riding into the desert on a jeep under the sun!!!! The sun shines in the Egyptian sky on 365 days a year but unlike in other parts of the world there are not rain clouds to protect you from its harmful rays, but this is why most tourists visit this part of the world to enjoy the sunshine. However the sun in Egypt is stronger than in Europe and even if you feel good, if there is a little wind and you can’t feel it burning you will feel it later after you have had a shower and look in the mirror at your red body and think ‘how did that happen’! If you have white skin or dark skin that is not used to the sun it is very easy to burn and sometimes you risk having bad consequences!.

Always remember to use high protection sun cream to protect your skin from sunburn! If it occurs then use after sun creams to calm the pain and re-moisturize the skin, wash the burned part with cold water and in extreme cases, when you feel pain and cannot even sleep, buy a white yogurt and use it as a cream on the blistered part. Believe it or not, it works! It takes away inflammation and after one day you can go back to the beach …using high protection creams this time!

In the warmer periods, if you decide to stay under the sun, tanning or having a walk, always wear a hat or something on your head and drink at least 3 liters of water a
day (not iced but just fresh enough to give you relief!) Be aware of dehydration, heat exhaustion and heat stroke!

Dehydration occurs when you lose more fluid than you take in, and your body doesn’t have enough water and other fluids to carry out its normal functions. If you don’t replenish lost fluids, you may suffer serious consequences. Symptoms of dehydration can be: dry and sticky mouth; sleepiness or tiredness (children are likely to be less active than usual); thirst; muscle weakness; headache; vertigo or lightheadedness. To prevent dehydration, consume plenty of fluids and foods high in water such as fruits and vegetables, but, if it occurs, the only effective treatment for dehydration is to replace lost fluids and lost electrolytes.

Use an oral hydration solution, which contains water and salts in specific proportions to replenish both fluids and electrolytes. You can buy rehydration salts it in any pharmacy and it is a lot cheaper than in Europe. If you are unable to visit a pharmacy or where a pre-formulated solution is unavailable, you can make your own oral rehydration solution by mixing 1/2 teaspoon salt, 1/2 teaspoon baking soda, 3 tablespoons sugar and 1 liter (about 1 quart) of safe drinking water. Avoid coffee, tea and other beverages that contain caffeine, as they may temporarily increase dehydration.

Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and inadequate or unbalanced replacement of fluids.

Those most prone to heat exhaustion are elderly people and people with high blood pressure. Warning signs of heat exhaustion include: heavy sweating; paleness; muscle cramps; tiredness; weakness; dizziness; headache; nausea or vomiting and fainting. The skin may be cool and moist. The victim’s pulse rate will be fast and weak, and breathing will be fast and shallow.

If heat exhaustion is untreated, it may progress to heat stroke, which is a medical emergency. Seek medical attention if
symptoms are severe, or the victim has heart problems or high blood pressure. Otherwise, help the victim to cool off: make them drink water, take a cool shower or bath or sponge bath, put them in a fresh environment with lightweight clothing. Seek medical attention if symptoms worsen or last longer than 1 hour.

The first problem and the first question people seem to have when traveling to Egypt is: “How can I avoid getting diarrhea while there?” Most advice to travelers on how to avoid diarrhea assume that the primary cause of diarrhea for tourists is drinking unsanitary water. The logic is that drinking water in third world destinations such as Egypt is infected with fecal matter containing E.coli bacteria, which in turn causes diarrhea. It is certainly true that this can be a possible cause of diarrhea, but it’s not the only thing that can make you sick. While on holiday the main cause of diarrhea is due to not drinking enough fluids, be it water, juice, squash, tea, coffee or by drinking too much alcohol that dehydrates the body.

In any case appropriate precautions should be taken, such as: drinking bottled water instead of tap water; avoid raw unpeeled fruit or vegetables which may have been washed in tap water; do not brush teeth with tap water; do not use ice cubes (which could be made from tap water); avoid water splashing into your mouth and being swallowed when taking a shower or swimming. If the tap water has been boiled,
for example to prepare hot tea or coffee, it is usually safe.

What should you do if the look of the fresh salad with vine-ripened fresh local vegetables is too good to resist? It’s your choice of whether to take the risk. A secret is to sprinkle vinegar-based dressing on the salad before eating it. Vinegar is a natural antiseptic, which kills germs before they enter your body.

Temperature changes are another factor in these sicknesses. Most tourists are not used to the hot temperatures of Egypt and as soon as they land at the airport, when the door of the plane opens, they receive their first “welcome”: inside the aircraft there was the air conditioning and they even needed a light blanket and now …a difference of 15- 20 degrees more!!!

These sudden changes will follow the tourist everywhere: in the hotel, in restaurants, bars and shops. Egypt is too hot not to use air conditioning, but this can upset the stomach of tourists not used to these sudden changes. To help prevent this problem try to wear a light pullover when you are in airconditioned areas (or put it on your stomach).

If you can control the air conditioning (for example in your hotel room), try to keep it at a ‘normal’ temperature, set it on a medium temperature not too distant from the external one, but allowing you to live and sleep comfortably. When traveling, it can be fun to sample local foods. It’s part of the experience of visiting foreign countries. There are many delicious specialties, and the fresh produce in countries like Egypt is often vineripened for the fullest flavor. However, there are some foods that people have difficulty digesting, and there are some foods and drinks that contain naturally-occurring laxatives.
You might not be aware that your body is sensitive to these items because perhaps you don’t eat or drink them when you’re in your home country. When you travel, you may decide to embrace the local cuisine and you may unknowingly eat something that would have given you diarrhea at home too.

Some people mistakenly refer to these problems as food allergies, but a more
correct term is food intolerances. Fortunately, diarrhea caused by food intolerance is generally short-lived, perhaps 24 hours at most. Sometimes, despite your best efforts, you get diarrhea anyway.

Most diarrheas caused by bacteria clear up on there own within 3-5 days. Diarrhea caused by food intolerance may pass within 24 hours.

It’s usually a good idea to allow the body to cleanse itself by allowing the diarrhea to run its course, but many tourists understandably don’t want to have their sightseeing or dance activities interrupted by health problems. The common over-thecounter remedy of lope amide (Imodium) may be effective, especially against diarrhea that was caused by caffeine and other foods or drinks that have a laxative effect. These should not be taken, however, if you suspect the cause of your diarrhea may be food poisoning because blocking your system will cause the germs to linger in your body longer and make you even sicker.

It is therefore more helpful to buy cleansing antibacterial medicine which cleans the stomach. If you prefer herbal remedies to drugstore remedies, consider a herbal tea made with the leaves and fruit of raspberries or ginger root. When visiting a foreign country, you will see drug names that do not appear in your pharmacy at home.
Don’t worry, names are different but sicknesses are the same throughout the world. If you describe your symptoms to the doctor of your hotel or to the pharmacist they will advise you of which drugs to take and give you more information to help you feel better. Actually, the best way to enjoy a holiday is to feel good, without needing a doctor!

We hope our tips help you enjoy your stay. If something goes wrong you will know how to face the problem and where to find the answers.

We hope you have an enjoyable stay in Egypt and keep H&R MAGAZINE with you!.

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